Evgeny Kremnyov 1
  • 1 Irkutsk State University, Lenina Str., 8, Irkutsk, Russian Federation 664025

The Origin of Management Ideas in Sociology in Chinese Society at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries

2019, vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 116–142 [issue contents]
In the beginning of the 20th century, China faced the need to look for new ways of development and, like other countries, turned towards the resources provided by social sciences in the attempt to comprehend and interpret this experience. This article reviews and analyzes Chinese sociological thought of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, focusing on management issues. The subject of this work is the genesis of management ideas in sociology in Chinese society. The material for the study comprises the works of thinkers, publicists, and political figures of that time who set themselves the task of applying sociological theories to the development of the country. The main problem discussed in the article is the ratio of Western and native Chinese views and ideas in sociological approaches to the study of managerial processes in China. The analysis of materials from that time shows three different tendencies in the formation of management ideas in sociology; identifying the prerequisites for a new science to be used in traditional ideas about management, demonstrating the predominance of Western science over Chinese traditional sciences, and the attempts at synthesizing the first two tendencies. The conclusion of the article is that, by the time of the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, the nascent management ideas in sociology in China were a heterogeneous fusion of Western and traditional Chinese concepts, and was closely related to other sciences such as political science, sociology, philosophy, etc. During this period, traditional ideas that were largely distinguished by speculation and ideology bore the function of an ideological “shield” to preserve the integrity of the Chinese nation in the context of the growing influence of Western powers on Chinese society.
Citation: Kremnyov E. (2019) Zarozhdenie sotsiologo-upravlencheskoy traditsii v kitayskom obshchestve na rubezhe XIX–XX vekov [The Origin of Management Ideas in Sociology in Chinese Society at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries]. The Russian Sociological Review, vol. 18, no 3, pp. 116-142 (in Russian)
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